Chaohu City Huailin Town Industrial Park (Chao Lu
At present, China's fishery development has many favorable conditions, China has become the world's largest fishery production power, aquatic products trade and major ocean fishing countries. In recent years, China's fishery in the factory cycle farming technology to achieve a breakthrough for the development of fisheries to expand the space.
Accelerate the construction of modern fisheries should attach great importance to and give full play to the support and leading role in fisheries science and technology, to solve the constraints of fisheries industry development of major scientific and technological problems, to promote the development of fisheries from the material elements to innovation driven change.
According to the characteristics of high risk and seasonal nature of fishery, we can develop civil cooperative finance and policy finance, and incorporate the forest right, rural housing property right, ship ownership certificate and so on into the acceptable range of collateral through relevant legislation.
June 16 to 18, 2017 China International Modern Fishery and Fishery Technology Expo held in Hefei, Anhui, more than 400 enterprises with products and scientific and technological achievements debut Expo. During the exhibition, the relevant department heads, experts and scholars and business leaders on the modern fishery construction in the "13th Five-Year Plan" period facing the opportunities and challenges expressed their views.
Opportunities and challenges coexist
"Twelfth Five-Year" period is the rapid development of China's fisheries for 5 years. "Twelfth Five-Year" period, China's annual output of aquatic products reached 67 million tons, the national fishery output reached 1132.87 billion yuan.
At the same time, fisheries development is facing more and more challenges, fishery resources and environmental problems become more prominent. "Fisheries water pollution is still serious, fishery resource exhaustion trend has not fundamentally reversed, the development of fisheries is still rough, production facilities and equipment is still relatively weak, fisheries development space is limited." Vice Minister of Agriculture Yu Kangzhen said, accelerate the construction of modern fisheries To establish and improve the green development-oriented fisheries policy support system.
Yu Kangzhen also said that the current structure of fishery products can not adapt to the pace of social consumption structure upgrade. Sichuan Fishery Technology Co., Ltd. Marketing Marketing Manager Chen Zhang agree with this view, "the current fishery consumption structure of China's four major fish and other common fish-based, the lower value-added of these fish, basically in the oversupply State, which led to the feed factory, fish shops, fishermen and other industries on the chain of all the profits are very low.Although the relatively high value-added special aquatic products such as multi-treasure fish has attracted more and more consumers, But this change is not big enough, the impact of the entire industrial structure is limited. "
It is gratifying that the favorable conditions for fisheries development are also emerging. "There are four main reasons for the existence of fishery development in our country: first, the state has become more and more important to the development of fishery, and the structural reform of the fishery supply side has also been greatly improved," said Zhang Xianliang, director of the fishery and fishery administration of the Ministry of Agriculture. Fishery development has provided new kinetic energy; second, China has become the world's first fishery production power, aquatic products trade and major ocean fishing countries, aquaculture, fishing, processing and circulation three traditional industries continue to grow, Fishery two new industries for the rapid development of fishery transformation and upgrading to provide a solid foundation; Third, in recent years, China's fisheries in the factory cycle farming technology to achieve a breakthrough for the development of fisheries to expand the space; Fourth, fisheries science and technology innovation , Personnel training and technology promotion system gradually improved, the combination of production and research more closely, 'Internet +' and Internet of things widely used for the development of fisheries innovation provides a strong support.
So that science and technology innovation force
In the process of transformation and upgrading of fishery, the role of scientific and technological innovation becomes more and more obvious. At the fair, fishery scientific and technological achievements and products attract attention. National Fisheries Technology Extension station rate of 12 provincial station delegation exhibitors, a comprehensive display of China's aquatic technology in recent years to promote the results. China Academy of Fishery Sciences also organized nine scientific research institutes owned by the collective exhibition, focusing on China's "second five" during the fishery scientific and technological achievements and transformation projects. Shanghai Ocean University, Dalian Ocean University and many scientific research enterprises to participate in the Fair is to become a fishery technology show.
Yu Kangzhen said that to speed up the development of modern fisheries should attach great importance to and give full play to the support and leading role in fisheries science and technology, to solve the constraints of fisheries industry development of major scientific and technological problems, to promote the development of fisheries from the material elements to innovation driven change. "To vigorously promote the transformation of fishery technology, the establishment of scientific research institutes, universities, production and operation of the main body and social organizations and other extensive participation in the diversified fishery industry technical system, and strive to 2020, fishery scientific and technological progress contribution rate increased to 63% or more. "Said at Kang Zhen.
Transformation of Scientific and Technological Achievements is the Key Link to Promote the Progress of Fishery Science and Technology. Shanghai Ocean University in fishery science and technology research and development results quite well, this exhibition has brought 23 fisheries science and technology achievements. However, the school researchers in the transformation of scientific and technological achievements are still not smooth enough to encounter the problem. Shanghai Ocean University Technology Transfer Co., Ltd. Technology Service Manager Song Juan said that due to various factors, university researchers in science and technology are often more concerned about the transformation. "In the process of transformation of scientific and technological achievements, due to the state-owned assets involved, we will worry about the price will not be too low? Will not cause the loss of state-owned assets?" Song Juan said, in addition, the process of scientific and technological achievements are often more complex, There are more than a dozen legal texts, these factors are virtually affected by the conversion efficiency.
December 2016, according to the "promotion of scientific and technological achievements into the law", the Ministry of Agriculture introduced to promote the transformation of scientific and technological achievements. At the same time, many scientific research institutions are also promoting the transformation of scientific and technological achievements have been tried. Tang Wei, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, said the details of the introduction of scientific and technological achievements into a more smooth, "according to the relevant laws and the introduction of the Ministry of Agriculture, the Academy of Sciences this year, the implementation of scientific and technological achievements into the implementation of the transformation of scientific and technological achievements Work norms and promote a great role. "
Deng Wei also said that the Academy of Hydrology is still reward system, personnel training, the results of the promotion and so do a lot of work, at the same time, through the hospital, the hospital to reduce the distance with the enterprise, industry, multi-faceted scientific and technological achievements The
Still need more policy support
Compared to other industries, fisheries have long been in a more marginalized state. Chen Zhang told reporters, compared to other industries and enterprises, fishing enterprises in the policy support is often in a weak position. "For example, site selection, fishing enterprises often can only go to remote areas to build factories, want to get more convenient traffic conditions where it is difficult.I have been to a local inspection, found that the chemical plant far from the farms, Because the market is very strict, in order to ensure that aquatic products through quality testing, fishermen can only choose a certain time to ensure water quality water, which virtually raised the cost of fishing enterprises. These are fishing enterprises in the Get a relatively weak performance of policy support. "
In addition, in the financial policy and so on, the fishery to obtain the support of the phenomenon is also very low. "The fishery is characterized by high risk, high input and high output, which determines the fisheries production in many aspects of the demand for funds, such as time, quantity, mode, repayment, repayment, reimbursement, and so on." Fisheries, Professor of Finance at Tsinghua University, said: And other industries are very different from other industries, leading to fishery financing needs difficult to obtain the favor of banks.China's fishery loans accounted for the proportion of agricultural loans in recent years has been declining.
He Ping also said that the fishery industry chain is longer, the core business financing problems will increase the risk of upstream and downstream enterprises, which is the problem of fisheries finance to solve. In addition, fisheries, especially fishing industry, have a strong externalities, leading to financial difficulties in supporting fisheries. "For example, we have introduced some financial products to promote the development of fishing industry, may bring over-fishing, but affected the sustainable development of the industry." He Ping said.
He Ping suggested that for the high risk of fishing, seasonal and other characteristics, can develop non-governmental cooperative finance, policy finance, "the lack of effective collateral collateral has been the biggest obstacle to fishery loans, through the relevant legislation will forest rights, land contract management rights , Rural housing property rights, ship, ship ownership, sea use rights, trademark rights, etc. into the scope of acceptable collateral.
He Ping suggested the development of supply chain finance, "the core business as the starting point, the radiation led the upstream and downstream enterprises to achieve capital closed-loop operation and the overall control of the industrial chain to ensure that the enterprise funding needs at the same time, the bank Of the loan can also be achieved within the circulation, effectively reduce the risk of credit.
He Ping also said that through the green financial means, the establishment of "green credit" management mechanism, the loan customers according to policy guidance is divided into support, maintenance, compression, exit four categories, the implementation of differentiated credit management strategy, to avoid financial support caused by fisheries Over-development and other issues.